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Information about the country

China - a country in Central and East Asia. Area - 9.6 million square kilometers. Bordered on the north by Russia, the Mongolian People's Republic, in the east - with Korean People Democratic Republic, in the south - with the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, India, Bhutan, Nepal, in the west - with Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan.

The capital city: Beijing.

Language: The official language - Chinese.

Population: 1.3 billion (the largest populated country in the world). Ethnic groups: 93% - the Chinese, the rest of the Uighurs, Mongols, Tibetans and others.

State system of China: Communist republic. Head of State - President of China. The supreme body of state power - the National People's Congress with a permanent representative body - the Standing Committee.

Religion: Traditionally, the population practices Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Islam, and Christianity.

Money: The currency - the Yuan (the title of the currency - the "Zhen-minbi", which means the people's money.) Time of the offices of the Chinese bank in airports, hotels and large shops from 09.00 to 12.00 and from 14.00 to 17.00, but the schedule may change. In China, the treatment and payment in foreign currency is prohibited. Exchange markets and the streets are not recommended because of the risk of substitution notes. The remaining RMB foreigners can exchange for help on the exchange before departure. Credit Cards: Visa, American Express, Master Card, Diner's Club, and others.

Climate: In the south of China has a subtropical and tropical climate, in the north - continental. The average winter temperature in the north down to -20 ° C, +22 ° C summer, in the central part winter -2-3 ° C, +20 ° C in summer, southern winter +8-10 ° C, in summer more than +25 ° C . The average annual temperature on Hainan +28 ° C, water +25.5 ° C.

Holidays and days off: January 1 New Year, January-February, the Spring Festival, Chinese New Year calendar, March 8 International Women's Day, March 12th Day of forest plantations; May 1 International Workers' Day, May 4 Youth Day of China, June 1 - International Children's Day, 1 August Day of the People's Liberation army of China, September 10 teachers' Day, October 1 national Day of the PRC. Other important festivals include Yuansyao - Lantern Festival on the 15th day of the first month of the lunar calendar, Qingming - one day from 4 to 6 April - Memorial Day ancestors. Moon Festival or Mid-Autumn Festival (middle of the eighth lunar month).

A mode of stay and movement of foreigners: Tourists are registered at the place of residence. Persons arriving on private business are recorded in the local public security organs. Restrictions on movement in the country do not. The exceptions are the trips to the areas closed to foreigners or specific areas (for example, the Tibet Autonomous Region).

Conditions of health insurance and health care: Medical insurance for the period of stay in China is not a requirement for receiving a Chinese visa. However it is recommended to issue health insurance for the period of stay in the country, as all medical services for foreign citizens, including emergency medical services, in China provided on a paid basis.

The distance from the airport to the center of Beijing - 26 kilometers from the railway station 5 km. Taxi fares about 2 Yuan per kilometer, landing - 10 Yuan. Cost of travel varies depending on the class of a taxi. Commuter Bus: "Airport - Center" - 20 Yuan. Public transport: Metro on average - 3 Yuan, buses within the city center - 1-2 Yuan. The cost of hotel rooms in the middle class - 70-100 s. dollars, the cost of lunch at the restaurant of the middle class - 50-100 Yuan per person.

Useful phone numbers: Police and rescue service 110, Ambulance - 120 Fire - 119, International Call Center (in English) - 115, Reference - 114. Information service for foreigners in critical situations, Shanghai - (21) 6-4390630, in Guangzhou - (20) 8-6677422.