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Features of etiquette

At the heart of Chinese culture, and therefore, the rules of etiquette rests respect for elders, punctuality, respect for traditions, knowledge and love of the national history and literature, and to the provisions of the rules and rituals.

In China, are very friendly to all foreigners. In public, they become the object of public attention. The task of foreigner to react calmly both friendly on increased attention to itself. So, even when you point a finger, do not pay attention to it.

In order to properly behave in China, just to observe the behavior of the Chinese people themselves in a particular situation, and in the case of any misunderstanding features, ask them for advice - they are always will gladly help you.

The Chinese people are friendly and communicative, so they are very easy to learn. Do not be surprised if you start to talk to on the street or in public transport (especially long-distance trains). This is not considered to be something exceptional.

Facing, the Chinese greet each other with words, sometimes with a slight nod of the head. Handling of "You" is rarely used, mainly in relation to the elderly or unfamiliar people. Basically, the conversation is used "you." Special respect to the other party may emphasize the use of treatment "master" ("lady") with the addition of the names - it also depends on how close the relationship.

Personal name is after the Chinese surname and includes one or two syllables. Treatment only on behalf is possible only between close friends (if not very strong differences in age) or relatives.

Women in China are completely equal to men in work and often hold positions of responsibility. However, according to Chinese tradition, the woman should be modest. As for women, taking by the arm, to help put the coat - is unacceptable. Do not yield to the woman taken place, opening the door for her. Smoking or drinking for women considered unacceptable in the company.

Chinese people like to go for a visit and invite guests home. And as in China for a long time, it was few home phones, people used to come to visit and without warning. However, if you've been invited to a Chinese home it is better come a little earlier. You cannot be late for a visit. It considered impolite to stay too long on a visit.

Guest may come with any of his friends, not necessarily familiar with the owner. Guests are always greeted very warmly and necessarily treated. It is considered impolite to come to visit without a gift, especially if the family is elderly or children. As a gift, is usually presented fruits, cakes and sweets. If the family has children, you can give a toy. You should not give expensive gifts - this could cause controversy. By the way, to accept gifts made in China with both hands.

A feature of the Chinese etiquette is invariable politeness. Therefore, China's first ceremonially adopted to refuse treats or a gift. In this case, feasting or giver should politely insist, coaxing guest or bestow. Of course, the Chinese never forget compliment the proposed treat or gift.

During the meal, it is necessary to try bit of everything. It is necessary to acknowledge the reception, cheer and hospitality. You should leave the house soon after dinner, not sitting up.

Features of Chinese cuisine:

Cutlery sets in China are sticks. Forks and knives may file for important foreign guests, but generally, in restaurants or Chinese families do not. During the meal, the center of the table put a lot of different dishes, and every participant gets owl of rice and chopsticks.

In the old days before eating people are joined hands in front of him or put one hand on top of the other, thanks to the Buddha and the home owner. Now it is not accepted. Everyone eats from his cup of rice, puts a little there with sticks of all dishes. In this way everyone try all dishes are on the table.

In the restaurants on a tabletop has a central circular rotating part, installed dishes and cups of rice placed on the stationary part of the table. Moving part of the table from time to time to turn to all be comfortable reach to the other dishes. When a cup of rice is put from some dish, it is usually used by the end of the sticks, the opposite of that is eaten, but it is not always observed.

There are some features of the Chinese meal. So, in no way chopsticks cannot be stick to rice. Not accepted to drink whole glass down to the bottom, alcohol sip slowly.

Generally the behavior of the Chinese people at the table is usually laid-back character. If you do not want to propose a toast, then just say "ganbey" (something like "Cheers").

All Chinese dishes have a complex structure, which consists of various components. Most foods contain meat (mostly pork). Some dishes can be spicy or greasy. By name is not always possible to identify which are the main ingredients in this dish.

Soups, summer sausage, smoked meats and dairy products from the Chinese eat is not accepted. For the national Chinese cuisine characterized abundant use of cereals, flour, vegetables, meat, fish, invertebrates, algae, poultry, and bamboo shoots.

The main product is rice. Rice, cooked in various ways, replaces bread. None meal is complete without a porridge. It is also brewed from sorghum, maize and millet. Rice cooked dry, crumbly mess (Dan’) and very liquid (Damichzhou), which the Chinese like to eat for breakfast.

Another, no less important product is flour. It is used for noodles, pasta, different types of bread, steam bread (dumplings), meat dumplings, "ears", sweet biscuits.

Cold meals and snacks - salads of cabbage (Chinese salad, cabbage, Sichuan) potatoes, radishes of different species green onions, garlic, tomatoes, peppers, spinach, green bean pods.

Classic menu of cold table - crabs, shrimp, calamari, salads tucked mayonnaise. Fish boiled or steam is preferred (but not small and bony) with vegetables. Required to the menu are cold dishes of pork, veal, beef, chicken, turkey, duck, goose, game, language, pates.

Foods in China is not salted as well seasoned dish with soy sauce rice vodka, sesame oil and diluted with water starch.

Dinner in China ends not with dessert dishes as in European cuisine, but the hot broth. For dessert (after broth) are served fresh and canned fruit, watermelon, melon, juice, ice cream. End the meal with plenty tea. Green or black drink strong tea without sugar in the morning, at lunch and dinner